Wound Classification
– Clean wound: made under sterile conditions, likely to heal without complications
– Contaminated wound: resulting from accidental injury, contains pathogenic organisms and foreign bodies
– Infected wound: pathogenic organisms present and multiplying, exhibits clinical signs of infection
– Colonized wound: chronic situation, contains pathogenic organisms, difficult to heal
– Critical wounds: including large burns, can cause serious hydroelectrolytic and metabolic alterations

Types of Open Wounds
– Incisions or incised wounds: caused by a clean, sharp-edged object
– Lacerations: irregular tear-like wounds caused by blunt trauma
– Abrasions (grazes): superficial wounds where the topmost layer of the skin is scraped off
– Avulsions: injuries where a body structure is forcibly detached
– Puncture wounds: caused by an object puncturing the skin

Types of Closed Wounds
– Hematomas: caused by damage to a blood vessel, blood collects under the skin
– Contusions: hematomas that originate from an external source of trauma
– Crush injury: caused by a great or extreme amount of force applied over a long period of time

Wound Presentation and Diagnosis
– Bacterial infection of wound can impede the healing process and lead to complications
Radiography is used to ensure there are no hidden bone fractures
– Workup includes evaluating the wound, its extent, and severity
– Cultures are obtained from the wound site and blood
– X-rays are obtained and tetanus shot may be administered if necessary
– Wound progress can be observed using techniques such as photographs with area quantification, wound tracings on acetate sheets, and Kundin wound gauge

Wound Management and Alternative Treatments
– Treatment depends on the type, cause, and depth of the wound
– Recent lacerations involve examining, cleaning, and closing the wound
– Minor wounds like bruises will heal on their own
– Abrasions require no active treatment except keeping the area clean
– Puncture wounds may be prone to infection and the entry is left open to remove bacteria or debris
– Closure techniques include bandages, cyanoacrylate glue, staples, and sutures
– Dressings and creams containing silver do not have evidence of preventing infection or improving healing
– Honey is more effective than antiseptic followed by gauze for healing infected surgical wounds
– Therapeutic touch has no proven benefits in wound healing
– Over 400 plant species have potential for wound healing, but research is limited
– Only three randomized controlled trials have been conducted for the treatment of burns

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
wound (noun)
a) an injury to the body (as from violence, accident, or surgery) that typically involves laceration or breaking of a membrane (as the skin) and usually damage to underlying tissues
b) a cut or breach in a plant usually due to an external agent
a mental or emotional hurt or blow
something resembling a wound in appearance or effect , especially a rift in or blow to a political body or social group
wound (verb)
transitive verb
intransitive verb
to cause a wound to or in to inflict a wound
wound ()
Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus
wound (verb)
to cause bodily damage to
damage, harm, hurt, wound
batter, bloody, blow out, bruise, contuse, cut, gash, gore, lacerate, scald, scar, scathe, strain, tear; crease, graze, nick; cripple, hamstring, lame, maim, mangle, mutilate; abuse, aggrieve, afflict, maltreat, torment, torture; lay up; blemish, impair, mar, scrape, spoil
cure, fix, heal, mend, remedy
wound (verb)
to cause hurt feelings or deep resentment in
affront, dis ( diss), disrespect, offend, outrage, slap, slight, wound
cut, snub; displease, distress, disturb, hurt, miff, pain, trouble, upset; jeer, mock, ridicule, sneer (at), taunt; defame, disparage, libel, malign, revile, slander, slur, smear; oppress, persecute, torment, torture
acclaim, applaud, approve, hail; commend, compliment, eulogize, praise; adulate, flatter, sweet-talk; exalt, glorify, honor; delight, gratify, please, satisfy
Wound (Wikipedia)

A wound is a rapid onset of injury that involves lacerated or punctured skin (an open wound), or a contusion (a closed wound) from blunt force trauma or compression. In pathology, a wound is an acute injury that damages the epidermis of the skin. To heal a wound (to regenerate a tissue to its original state), the body undertakes a series of actions collectively known as the wound healing process.

Wounds on a male torso
SpecialtyEmergency medicine Plastic Surgery
Wound (Wiktionary)


Etymology 1

Noun from Middle English wund, from Old English wund, from Proto-Germanic *wundō. Verb from Middle English wunden, from Old English wundian, from Proto-Germanic *wundōną.


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