Timeline of Permanent Teeth
– The first permanent tooth appears at around 5-6 years of age.
– The mouth goes through a transition period with both primary and permanent teeth during the mixed dentition period.
– The first permanent molars erupt behind the last milk molars of the primary dentition.
– Up to 28 out of 32 permanent teeth appear by the age of thirteen.
– The full permanent dentition is completed during the permanent dentition period.

Pathology of Permanent Teeth
Hyperdontia, or having extra teeth, is possible.
– Hyperdontia is often associated with syndromes such as cleft lip and palate.
– Supernumerary teeth may erupt into the mouth or remain impacted in the bone.
– Hyperdontia is sometimes mistakenly referred to as a third set of teeth.
– Syndromes like cleidocranial dysplasia and Gardner’s syndrome can also be associated with hyperdontia.

Related Concepts
– Medicine portal.
– Deciduous dentition.
– Tooth development.
– Tooth eruption.
Teething.
– Dentition.

References
American Dental Association provides information on tooth eruption and has a permanent tooth eruption chart.
– Bath-Balogh and Fehrenbach’s ‘Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy’ discusses tooth eruption.
– Jordan, Regezi, and Sciubba’s ‘Oral pathology: clinical pathologic correlations’ provides insights into tooth eruption.
– Ash and Nelson’s ‘Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology, and Occlusion’ is a recommended resource.
– Grays Anatomy (20th edition, 1918) includes text in the public domain.

External Links
– Wikimedia Commons has media related to Permanent teeth.

Permanent teeth (Wikipedia)

Permanent teeth or adult teeth are the second set of teeth formed in diphyodont mammals. In humans and old world simians, there are thirty-two permanent teeth, consisting of six maxillary and six mandibular molars, four maxillary and four mandibular premolars, two maxillary and two mandibular canines, four maxillary and four mandibular incisors.

Adult teeth
Adult mouth showing full set of permanent teeth
Details
Identifiers
Latindentes permanentes
TA98A05.1.03.077
TA2913
FMA75152
Anatomical terminology
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